Higher Education System - overview

Country

Hungary - higher education system

The flag of Hungary is a horizontal tricolour of red, white and green
Country: Hungary
Population (mln): 9,99
Official language/s: Hungarian
Internet TLD: .hu
Calling code: +36
Member of the EU from: 1st May 2004
Unemployment rate Sep 2011 (%): 10.9
Unemployment rate under 25 years Sep 2011 (%): 17.9
Unemployment rate Sep 2012 (%): 10.8
Unemployment rate under 25 years Sep 2012 (%): 29.9
Population statistics 20-29 age group 2011 (%): 13,5
Country codes in education system: HU
Expected duration of education (years): 17,6

The network higher education institutions is quite extensive in proportion to the country’s surface, population and the number of students enrolled in higher education, but, compared to other countries, it is of medium size. Higher education institutions can be categorised in the following two ways.

On the one hand, there is a clear distinction between state and non-state institutions. Non-state institutions can be founded by churches, business organizations or foundations. The foundation and operation of non-state institutions is subject to the same input (quality) criteria as the foundation and operation of state institutions and compliance is checked in the course of accreditation at the time of foundation. Institutions meeting the criteria are granted state recognition by the Parliament. State and non-state institutions recognised by the state are listed in the Annex of the Higher Education Act. Only organisations included in the list as well as municipalities and national minority governments can provide higher education. Establishment and operation of non-state higher education institutions are regulated by the Higher Education Act and related regulations. Non-state institutions also receive state funding, based on an agreement with the government. However, the budget of both state institutions and non-state institution is only partly financed by the state. The state grant provided for institutions maintained by the Roman Catholic church is governed by a concordate concluded between Hungary and the Vatican and the Hungarian government has concluded similar agreements with other historical churches for ensuring funding their higher education institutions.

On the other hand, as regards their academic profile, there are colleges (non-university higher education institutions) and universities.


source:
Eurypedia - The European Encyclopedia on National Education Systems
http://eacea.ec.europa.eu/education/eurydice/eurypedia_en.php


Source: Eurydice,
Eurypedia - The European Encyclopedia on National Education Systems , Eurosta, wikipedia.org, Agency for Science and Higher Education Croatia, Department of Education and Skills Irelan,  Ministry of Education and Culture - FINLAND

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