In Romania the national education system has an open character. At the higher education level, the open character is ensured through the University Charter. The University Charter is adopted by the university senate and establishes the assembly of rights and obligations, as well as the norms that regulate the university community activity within each area.
Higher education is accomplished through universities, academies
of study and post-university studies institutions. The mission of the
higher education institutions is either education and research or only
education. Specialisations and specialisations groups’ nomenclature are
established by the Ministry of Education, Research, Youth and Sports in
cooperation with the Ministry of Labour, Social Solidarity and Family,
the higher education institutions as well as other interested players.
Higher education institutions usually include several faculties,
university colleges - colegiu universitar, departments, chairs and units
for scientific research, design and micro-production.
Starting with 2005/06 academic year, all higher education institutions,
private and public, are obliged by the 2004 Law to implement the new
3-cycle structure: Bachelor, Master and Doctorate. Students enrolled in the first year in 2005/06 began their studies based on the 3-cycle structure.
Eurypedia - The European Encyclopedia on National Education Systems