Romania - higher education system

The flag of Romania is a tricolour with vertical stripes: beginning from the flagpole, blue, yellow and red
Country: Romania
Population (mln): 21,41
Official language/s: Romanian
Internet TLD: .ro, .eu
Calling code: +40
Member of the EU from: 1st Jan 2007
Unemployment rate Sep 2011 (%): 7.7
Unemployment rate under 25 years Sep 2011 (%): 23.8
Unemployment rate Sep 2012 (%): 7.0
Unemployment rate under 25 years Sep 2012 (%): 23.0
Population statistics 20-29 age group 2011 (%): 15,6
Country codes in education system: RO
Expected duration of education (years): 16,6

In Romania the national education system has an open character. At the higher education level, the open character is ensured through the University Charter. The University Charter is adopted by the university senate and establishes the assembly of rights and obligations, as well as the norms that regulate the university community activity within each area.

Higher education is accomplished through universities, academies of study and post-university studies institutions. The mission of the higher education institutions is either education and research or only education. Specialisations and specialisations groups’ nomenclature are established by the Ministry of Education, Research, Youth and Sports in cooperation with the Ministry of Labour, Social Solidarity and Family, the higher education institutions as well as other interested players. Higher education institutions usually include several faculties, university colleges - colegiu universitar, departments, chairs and units for scientific research, design and micro-production.

Starting with 2005/06 academic year, all higher education institutions, private and public, are obliged by the 2004 Law to implement the new 3-cycle structure: Bachelor, Master and Doctorate. Students enrolled in the first year in 2005/06 began their studies based on the 3-cycle structure.

Eurypedia - The European Encyclopedia on National Education Systems

Source: Eurydice,
Eurypedia - The European Encyclopedia on National Education Systems , Eurosta,, Agency for Science and Higher Education Croatia, Department of Education and Skills Irelan,  Ministry of Education and Culture - FINLAND
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