Finland - first cycle programmes

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Country: Finland
Population (mln): 5,36
Official language/s: Finnish, Swedish
Time zone: UTC+1 Winter, UTC+2 Summer
Internet TLD: .fi
Calling code: +358
Member of the EU from: 1st January 1995
Unemployment rate Sep 2011 (%): N/A
Unemployment rate under 25 years Sep 2011 (%): N/A
Unemployment rate Sep 2012 (%): N/A
Unemployment rate under 25 years Sep 2012 (%): N/A
Population statistics 20-29 age group 2011 (%): 12,5
Country codes in education system: FI
Expected duration of education (years): 20,4

First-cycle university degrees consist of at least 180 credits (3 years of full-time study). They are called kandidaatti/kandidat in all fields except in Law (oikeusnotaari/rättsnotarie) and Pharmacy (farmaseutti/farmaceut).

Studies leading to the degree provide the student with:
  • knowledge of the fundamentals of the major and minor subjects or corresponding study entities or studies included in the degree programme and the prerequisites for following developments in the field;
  • knowledge and skills needed for scientific thinking and the use of scientific methods or knowledge and skills needed for artistic work;
  • knowledge and skills needed for studies leading to a higher university degree and for continuous learning; 
  • a capacity for applying the acquired knowledge and skills to work; and
  • adequate language and communication skills. Studies may include: basic and intermediate studies; language and communication studies; interdisciplinary programmes; other studies and work practice for professionnal development. The degree includes a Bachelor's thesis (6-10 credits).

Source: Eurydice,
Eurypedia - The European Encyclopedia on National Education Systems , Eurosta,, Agency for Science and Higher Education Croatia, Department of Education and Skills Irelan,  Ministry of Education and Culture - FINLAND
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