Second Cycle Programmes


Finland - Master's studies

Flag of Finland
Country: Finland
Population (mln): 5,36
Official language/s: Finnish, Swedish
Time zone: UTC+1 Winter, UTC+2 Summer
Internet TLD: .fi
Calling code: +358
Member of the EU from: 1st January 1995
Unemployment rate Sep 2011 (%): N/A
Unemployment rate under 25 years Sep 2011 (%): N/A
Unemployment rate Sep 2012 (%): N/A
Unemployment rate under 25 years Sep 2012 (%): N/A
Population statistics 20-29 age group 2011 (%): 12,5
Country codes in education system: FI
Expected duration of education (years): 20,4

The second-cycle university degree consists of at least 120 credits (two years of full-time study). The degree is usually called maisteri/magister. Other second-cycle degrees are diplomi-insinööri/diplomingenjör (Technology); arkkitehti/arkitekt (Architecture); and proviisori/provisor (Pharmacy). The admission requirement to second cycle universitiy courses is a first cycle degree.

The second cycle university degree title in the fields of Medicine, Dentistry and Veterinary Medicine is lisensiaatti/licentiat. In these fields, there is no first cycle degree: in Medicine, the degrees consists of 360 credits (6 years of full-time study) and in Dentistry the degree consists of 300 credits (5 years of full-time study).

Studies leading to the second cycle university degree provide the student with:
  • good overall knowledge of the major subject or a corresponding entity and conversance with the fundamentals of the minor subject or good knowledge of the advanced studies included in the degree programme;
  • knowledge and skills needed to apply scientific knowledge and methods or knowledge and skills needed for independent and demanding artistic work;
  • knowledge and skills needed for operating independently as an expert and developer of the field;
  • knowledge and skills needed for scientific or artistic postgraduate education;
  • good language and communication skills.
Studies leading to the second cycle university degree may include: basic, intermediate and advanced studies, language and communication studies; interdisciplinary study programme; other studies; and intership improving expertise. The degree includes a Master's thesis (20-40 credits).

The reformed university degree structure was adopted August 1, 2005. The reform created a two-tier degree structure with an obligatory first cycle degree in all fields except for Medicine, Dentistry and Veterinary Medicine. Before, students were able to pursue one-cycle Masters in five years. The degrees from the former structure are fully comparable to the new degrees and they give the same academic and professional rights.

Source: Eurydice,
Eurypedia - The European Encyclopedia on National Education Systems , Eurosta,, Agency for Science and Higher Education Croatia, Department of Education and Skills Irelan,  Ministry of Education and Culture - FINLAND

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