Beginning of the academic year: Institutional autonomy. Almost everywhere the period is between 15 September and 15 October.
Teaching activities and holiday periods: All periods of teaching activity and holiday are fixed by institutions, which however comply with the following calendar: holidays at the end-of-year festive season (one or often two weeks), as well as in February (generally one week) and April (one or two weeks).
Examinations: Examination periods are entirely at the discretion of university managing bodies.
End of the academic year: No precise date. Institutional autonomy. In practice, the academic year ends after the final examination, in June or at the beginning of July.